Essential Tips For Reading Comprehension Section Of CDS 2 2017 Exam

In general reading comprehension is the ability to read text, process it and understand its meaning. Simply put, reading comprehension is the act of understanding what you are reading. This understanding comes from the interaction between the words that are written and how they trigger knowledge outside the text.

There are specific traits that determine how successfully an individual will comprehend text:

  • Prior knowledge about the text.
  • Well-developed language.
  • Identifying the main idea of the text.
  • Summarising ability, make rapid summaries as working through the text.
  • Ability to make inferences which means conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.

Essential Tips For Reading Comprehension Section Of CDS 2 2017 Exam

Essential Tips For Reading Comprehension Section Of CDS Exam

  • Read then question first and grasp the keywords and store them in your memory, then move to reading comprehension keeping those keywords in mind.
  • Make answers from the given text passage. You should not make your own answers based on your own opinions.
  • Read all the given answer choices before selecting the correct one.
  • If a question asks about a particular line, don’t go back in to the passage and read just that line. A good rule of thumb is to read at least 2 sentences before and after the line in question.
  • While reading passage underline key words or sentences that contain the main idea. Jot down any notes, probably just a word or two.
  • For one word choice questions such as antonym or synonym select your answer based
  • on the context of the passage not on your prior knowledge of the word.
  • Know why the wrong answer is wrong, while selecting a choice you should not only care about which one is the correct answer but also know why other choices are not suitable as the correct choice.

Passage 1

Light is made up of electromagnetic waves. These vary in length and it is these differences that we perceive as different colours. White light has all the wavelengths of the light spectrum mixed up together. An object looks coloured because light falls on it and it reflects only certain parts of the spectrum. The rest of the spectrum is absorbed by the object. An object that looks white reflects all the light that falls on it. An object that looks red reflects the red part of the spectrum and absorbs the rest. Our eyes detect these different reflected waves and we see them as different colours.

  1. Without colours we would consider the world a dull and less beautiful place.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. White light is an amalgam of all the wave lengths of light.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. The passage states that an object that looks blue absorbs all but the blue wavelengths of light.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. The colour we perceive an object to be is determined by the electromagnetic waves that it absorbs or reflects.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. White paint reflects more light than red paint.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell

Answers

  1. (c) 2. (a) 3. (b)   4. (a)    5. (a) 

Passage 2

Traditionally medicine was the science of curing illness with treatments. For thousands of years people would have used plants and would have turned to priests for cures. In more recent times illness has been attributed less to the intervention of gods or magic and instead to natural causes. Medicine today is as much concerned with prevention as cure. Doctors use treatments of many types, including radiation and vaccination, both of which were unknown until very recent times. Other treatments have been known about and practiced for centuries. Muslim doctors were skilled surgeons and treated pain with opium. When Europeans first reach the Americas they found healers who used many plants to cure illnesses. The Europeans adopted many of these treatments and some are still effective and in use today.

  1. Modern medicine is the science of curing illness.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. Medicine is a science that owes its success to modern treatments.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. Vaccination is a relatively recent discovery.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. The author of the passage believes that prevention is better than cure.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. Practitioners of modern medicine make use of many techniques and technologies.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell

Answers

  1. (b) 2. (b) 3. (a)    4. (c)    5. (a)

Passage 3

In tropical rainforests the climate remains hot and damp all the year round. In the artic it is cold all year and high up in mountain ranges the climate is much colder than in nearby low lying lands. Climate is not the same as weather. The weather can change quickly whereas the climate describes the likely weather conditions over a much longer period of time. The world is divided into five climate zones. Polar is the only zone where it is always cold, tropical where it is hot all year round, temperate where there are warm summers and cold winters, desert where it is dry and cool, and forest where the summers are cool and short. Great climate changes have occurred, an example of which is the last ice age. Mankind can affect climate when, for example, he causes great forest fi res that create so much smoke that the sun is obscured for months, cooling a region. More recently man has affected the climate as a result of pollution from industry causing the earth to warm through what is called the greenhouse effect.

  1. The passage states that the weather in high mountain ranges is cooler than in nearby low lying areas.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. The passage describes how climate can change.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. In a tropical rainforest the climate is the same winter and summer.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. In deserts the winter is cooler than the summer.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell
  1. You can infer from the passage that the artic is a polar climate zone.
  • True
  • False
  • Cannot tell

Answers

  1. (b) 2. (a) 3. (a)    4. (c)    5. (a)

Comments