Most Important Current Affairs for NDA CDS 2023 Part-1

Jai Hind Defence Aspirants, Only 5 Days are left for the NDA 1 and CDS 1 Examinations. Now is the time to brush up on your syllabus and revision. If you have not completed your Current Affairs Section and still want to score more in the GS paper, SSBCrackExam brings you the most important Current Affairs for NDA and CDS exams. We are sure that we have covered all 18-20 questions which will be asked in the question paper. If you have covered every other subject, you can totally rely on this article for your Current Affairs Section.

Most Important Current Affairs for NDA CDS 2023 Part 1
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Most Important Current Affairs for NDA-1 and CDS-1 2023

  • Time Magazine has named Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky and “the spirit of Ukraine” as its 2022 Person of the Year. The magazine described the comedian-turned-wartime leader Volodymyr Zelenskyy as “the most clear-cut” winner of the award in memory after he “galvanized the world in a way we haven’t seen in decades.” Time first presented its Person of the Year award Last year’s honoree was Tesla and SpaceX chief Elon Musk.
  • Rohini Nayyar prize: Sethrichem Sangtam, who helped triple the incomes of 1,200 marginalized farmers in Eastern Nagaland through his organization Better Life Foundation, was awarded the first Rohini Nayyar prize for outstanding contribution to rural development. The prize awarded to an individual 40 years or under age, was presented by the Niti Ayog Vice-Chairman Suman Bery.
  • Sahitya Akademi Awards 2022: Writer M. Rajendran from Tamil Nadu has received this award for his novel ‘Kala Pani’. It will be given to Anuradha Roy for English Literature, Badri Narayan for Hindi Literature, and Praveen Bandekar for Marathi Literature.
  • About Sahitya Akademi awards:
    • It is established in 1954 and conferred annually by Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters.
    • Awards are given in 24 languages (22 languages enumerated in the Constitution of India, English, and Rajasthani)
    • It is the second-highest literary honor by the Government of India, after the Jnanpith Award.
    • The author must be of Indian Nationality.
  • BBC Sports Personality of the Year 2022: Beth Mead guided England to a Women’s Euro victory in the summer and has won the BBC Sports Personality of the Year 2022 award. Beth Mead becomes the first women’s footballer to win the award.
  • Miss Earth 2022: Mina Sue Choi created history by becoming the first-ever delegate from South Korea to win the 22nd Miss Earth 2022 crown at Okada Manila in the Philippines.
  • Social Progress Index (SPI): Puducherry, Lakshadweep, and Goa emerged as the best-performing states, and Aizawl (Mizoram), Solan, and Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) were the top three districts on the Social Progress Index (SPI), a report released by Economic Advisory Council-Prime Minister (EAC-PM) along with the Institute for Competitiveness and Social Progress Imperative.
  • Hurun Global 500 list 2022: India now ranks at Number 5 as 20 Indian companies feature in the 500 most valuable ones in the world, as per the 2022 Hurun Global list. India rose from the 9th rank to the 5th rank with 20 companies featured in the list. With $202 billion, energy giant Reliance Industries (ranked 34) is the most valuable company ranked at followed by Tata Consultancy Services (ranked 65) with a $139 billion valuation and HDFC Bank with a $97 billion valuation. The US top the 2022 Hurun Global 500 list followed by China, Japan, UK, and India. New York is the top city of the Hurun Global 500 with a base of 31 followed by Tokyo and London. Financial services were the biggest contributor to the Hurun Global 500 with 21 percent or 104 companies followed by the Energy sector.
  • The Maternal Mortality Ratio has declined from 130 per lakh live births in 2014-16 to 97 per lakh live births in 2018-20, according to a special bulletin released by the office of the Registrar General of India. Assam has the highest Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 195, followed by Madhya Pradesh at 173 and Uttar Pradesh at 167. Kerala has the lowest Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 19 per lakh live births, followed by Maharashtra 33 and Telangana 43. Target 3.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations aims at reducing the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 1,00,000 live births. The maternal Mortality Ratio is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 1,00,000 live births during the same period.
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  • The World Meteorological Organization has published its first State of Global Water Resources report in 2021. The aim of this annual report is to support the monitoring and management of global freshwater resources in an era of growing demand and limited supplies.
  • World’s strongest passports list 2022: The UAE has got the first position in the rating of passports for 2022 followed by Germany, Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Spain, and France, while India was ranked 87th in the list of the strongest passports in the world. Pakistan was 94th, while Afghanistan was last. The Passport Index 2022, published by Arton Capital, ranks the world’s strongest and weakest passports.
  • The Rajya Sabha passed the Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill, 2022 to mandate the use of nonfossil sources, including green hydrogen, green ammonia, biomass, and ethanol for energy and feedstock and to establish carbon markets in the country. The amended bill aims to bring large residential buildings under the Energy Conservation regime, enhance the scope of the Energy Conservation Building Code, and amend penalty provisions. The country is relentlessly marching towards its target of reducing India’s carbon intensity by 45 percent by 2030. This goal is part of India’s updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).
  • Centre appoints The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) as the nodal ministry for matters relating to online gaming with monetary risks. MeitY will soon publish Rules for online gaming intermediaries and start public consultation on the same. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) has been tasked with regulating esports (video games not involving money) as part of multiple sports events.
  • Prahari app: Union Minister Amit Shah launched the ‘Prahari’ app that can be used by the jawans of the Border Security Force (BSF) to get information about the accommodation facilities, Ayushman-CAPF, and leaves.
  • The government approved a new scheme “The New India Literacy Programme” for the period FYs 2022- 2027 to cover all the aspects of Adult Education to align with the National Education Policy 2020 and Budget Announcements 2021-22. The scheme will cover non-literates of the age of 15 years and above in all states/UTs in the country.
  • Daakroom: Ministry of Culture in association with the Department of Post launched ‘Daakroom’, the famous letter-writing carnival. The event was organized under the aegis of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, at Raj Ghat, New Delhi. The one-of-a-kind letter-writing event, supported by India Post, Ministry of Culture, and Gandhi Smriti and Darshan Samiti is aimed to give a digital detox with the aim of reviving the art of letter writing in India.
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has signed a Currency Swap Agreement with the Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA) under the SAARC Currency Swap Framework. This is to provide swap support as a backstop line of funding for short-term foreign exchange liquidity requirements. This agreement will enable the MMA to make draws in multiple tranches up to a maximum of USD 200 million from the RBI.
  • Russia has for the second month in a row remained India’s top oil supplier in November, surpassing traditional sellers Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Aquapreneur: HCL Corporation and World Economic Forum (WEF) launched the ‘Aquapreneur’ Global Fresh Water Innovation Challenge. HCL Corporation partnered with UpLink, the open innovation platform of the World Economic Forum, to announce the five-year-long Aquapreneur Innovation Initiative. The 10 start-ups are the winners of the Global Freshwater Innovation Challenge, the first of five challenges under HCL and UpLink’s Aquapreneur Innovation Initiative.
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  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is migrating the payments fraud reporting module to Daksh, RBI’s advanced supervisory management system, on January 1, 2023, to streamline reporting, enhance efficiency and automate the payments fraud management process.
  • SURYA KIRAN-XVI: The 16th Edition of the annual Indo-Nepal joint training Exercise “SURYA KIRAN-XVI” was conducted at Nepal Army Battle School, Saljhandi (Nepal).
  • Yudh Abhyas: The 18th edition of the India-US joint military exerciseYudh Abhyas‘ was conducted underway at the Foreign Training Node, Auli, Uttarakhand, about 100 km from the Line of Actual Control (LAC). US Army soldiers of the 2nd Brigade of the 11th Airborne Division and Indian Army soldiers from the Assam Regiment will be participating in the exercise. The exercise is close to the LAC at the China-India border and violates the spirit of the agreement between China and India in 1993 and 1996,” China said.
  • Agni Warrior: The 12th Edition of Exercise Agni Warrior, a bilateral exercise between the Singapore & Indian Army, had concluded at Field Firing Ranges, Devlali (Maharashtra). It also included participation by both sides in a computer war game as part of the joint planning process.
  • Chennai-based space tech startup Agnikul Cosmos has launched India’s first private launchpad and mission control center at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota. The facility has two parts the Agnikul launchpad and the Agnikul mission control center, which are four kilometers apart. According to Agnikul, the launchpad was designed to accommodate and support liquid stage-controlled launches. The Chennai-based startup plans to launch its Agnibaan rocket from this launchpad. Agnibaan is a two-stage launch vehicle that is capable of taking payloads of up to 100 kilograms to a low-earth orbit around 700 kilometers from the surface of the Earth.
  • International Fleet Review (IFR): Indian Navy ships Kochi, Kavaratti, and Sumedha arrived in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh to participate in the maiden International Fleet Review (IFR) being conducted by the Bangladesh Navy (BN). It is being conducted to commemorate the Birth Centenary of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of the Independence of Bangladesh.
  • KAZIND-22: The 6th Edition of Indo – Kazakhstan joint annual training exercise “KAZIND-22” was conducted at Umroi, Meghalaya. It was instituted in 2016 as Exercise Prabal Dostyk, which was later upgraded to a company-level exercise and renamed Ex Kazind in 2018. Indian Army soldiers from the 11 Gorkha Rifles will be participating in the exercise.
  • INSV Tarini has set sail for an expedition to Cape Town, South Africa for participating in the 50Th edition of Cape to Rio Race 2023. This ocean sailing flagged off from Cape Town on 2nd January 2023 and culminated at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Race is one of the most prestigious Trans-Atlantic Ocean races. INSV Tarini is known for circumnavigating the globe with an all-women officer crew in the historic expedition titled ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’ in 2017.
  • Vagir: The fifth Scorpène-class conventional submarine, Vagir, was delivered to the Navy by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) Mumbai. Vagir was launched into water on November 12, 2020, and commenced sea trials on February 1, 2022. The sixth and last of The scorpène-class submarine, Vagsheer, was launched into the water in April 2022 and is expected to be delivered to the Navy by the end of 2023. Six Scorpene submarines are being built under Project-75 by MDL under technology transfer from the Naval Group of France.
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  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully test-fired the Extended Range Version of Brahmos Air Launched missile against a ship target from a frontline SU-30MKI aircraft. The BrahMos has three times the speed, 2.5 times the flight range, and higher range compared to subsonic cruise missiles. The extended Range Version has the capability of striking the targets located at around 350 kilometers compared to around 290 kilometers for the initial version.
  • The Indian Army inaugurated its first 3-D Printed House Dwelling Unit (with Ground plus One configuration) for soldiers at Ahmedabad Cantt. The dwelling unit has been constructed by the Military Engineering Services (MES) in collaboration with MiCoB Pvt Ltd incorporating the latest 3D Rapid Construction Technology.
  • INS Arnala: The Indian Navy launched ‘Arnala’, the first of the eight indigenously-built anti-submarine warfare shallow water craft (ASW-SWC), at the shipbuilding facility of L&T in Chennai’s Kattupalli.
  • Veer Guardian Exercise: Indian Air Force (IAF) and Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) hold their maiden bilateral air exercise at the Hyakuri air base and Iruma air base in Japan. The IAF is fielding four Su-30MKI fighters from the No. 220 squadron under the Western Air Command and one IL-78 mid-air refueller.
  • Sanchar Bodh Exercise: Indian Army’s Airawat Division conducted Ex Sanchaar Bodh in the extensive obstacle-ridden terrain of Punjab.
  • Pralay‘: The Indian armed forces are planning to acquire the ‘Pralay’ tactical ballistic missile, which has a range of between 150 and 500 kilometers. ‘Pralay’ is powered by a solid propellant rocket motor. Pralay is a canister tactical, surface-to-surface, short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) for battlefield use developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India.
  • Cyclone Mandous:- A new tropical cyclone formed over the Bay of Bengal and impacted Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, and Andhra Pradesh. The name which is given by the United Arab Emirates means a treasure box in the Arabic language. It will be the second tropical storm to rise in the Bay of Bengal post-monsoon this year after ‘Cyclone Sitrang’ which hit the Bangladesh coast in the month of October.
  • Ten captive-bred Asian Giant Tortoises (Manouria emys), the largest tortoise in mainland Asia, juveniles were released into a protected area of Ntangki National Park, Nagaland. The Asian Giant Tortoise is listed as ‘critically endangered’ under IUCN.
  • Indonesia’s Mount Semeru volcano has erupted, sending ash billowing into the sky and sparking evacuations on the country’s main island, Java.
  • Comprehensive migration and mobility partnership: India and Germany signed a comprehensive migration and mobility partnership. The deal aims at facilitating the two-way movement of students, professionals, and researchers, and is also set to address the challenges of illegal migration.
  • No First Use (NFU) Policy: China became the first nuclear-weapon state to make public its NFU pledge of nuclear weapons “at any time and under any circumstances.”
    • No first use (NFU) refers to a type of pledge or policy wherein a nuclear power formally refrains from the use of nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) in warfare, except for as a second strike in retaliation to an attack by an enemy power using WMDs. China and India are currently the only two nuclear powers to formally maintain a No First Use policy, adopting pledges in 1964 and 1998 respectively.
  • The 17th Asia and the Pacific Regional Meeting of the International Labour Organisation (APRM of ILO) has adopted the Singapore Declaration. The Singapore Declaration was adopted to deal with the issue of dwindling wages of workers, inflation, and unemployment. The declaration accepted that social dialogue is essential to address labor market challenges and finding solutions in crisis situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic, natural disasters, and economic uncertainty.
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  • European Union (EU) countries agreed to grant Bosnia “candidate status” to join the EU. Bosnia will join seven other nations with candidate status: Turkey, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Moldova, and Ukraine.
  • New Zealand passed a law banning cigarettes for future generations in the country. It is considering an attempt to bring in a near-total tobacco ban from next year. Anyone born after 2008 will never be able to buy cigarettes or tobacco products in the country.
  • A bomb cyclone is a severe winter storm that has hit the United States and Canada. When a mass of low-pressure air collides with a mass of high-pressure air, storms may result.
  • Geo-Ladakh:- The government of the Union Territory of Ladakh has approached the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), a unit of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for developing “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’ for UT-Ladakh. The project encompasses spatial database generation (water resources, vegetation, and energy potential) using remote sensing, geospatial techniques, and the development of a Geo-portal for hosting this database. Portal provides geospatial data visualization and analytics for UT-Ladakh, consisting of the spatial viewer, Carbon Neutrality, Geospatial utility mapping, and Geo-Tourism.
  • A five-year-old girl from Karnataka’s Raichur has tested positive for Zika virus, making it the first ever case from the state.
  • About Zika virus:
    • It is a mosquito-borne virus, transmitted mainly by Aedes mosquitoes, which mostly bite during day time.
    • Zika was first identified in a Rhesus macaque monkey in Uganda in 1947, after which there have
      been several outbreaks in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands.
    • These viruses are linked to birth defects which harm the development of fetuses in pregnant
      women and the development of Guillain-Barre syndrome, where the immune system of individual attacks the nerves.
    • Zika virus is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae
  • National Thermal Power Corporation Limited ( NTPC) has commissioned entire capacities of 150 MW & 90 MW Devikot Solar PV Projects at Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. As per the NTPC, the 150 MW and 90MW Devikot Solar PV projects are being developed under the CPSU Scheme Phase-II Tranche-I of the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India (MNRE).
  • Japan’s Space Agency, JAXA has reported the first successful flight of a steam-powered EQUULEUS spacecraft beyond low earth orbit. Launched as part of NASA’s Artemis I mission, the steam-powered craft may represent a new, ultra-efficient means of propulsion for maneuvering spacecraft in and around Earth’s orbit and beyond.
  • NASA launches first-ever international mission to survey Earth’s water. The satellite will measure the height of water in the planet’s lakes, rivers, reservoirs, and oceans on more than 90 percent of Earth’s surface. The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) spacecraft atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket was launched from Vandenberg Space Force Base in California. The satellite was built by NASA and the French space agency Centre National d’ Etudes Spatiales (CNES). The SWOT spacecraft also has contributions from the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and the UK Space Agency.
  • For the first time ever, a rare and potentially fatal brain-eating amoeba has been discovered in South Korea. The brain-eating amoeba, known as naegleria fowleri, is typically found in warm freshwater and soil and can cause a rare and severe infection known as primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM).
  • Ladakh is all set to have India’s first Dark Night Sky Reserve at Hanle village in the Changthang region. At an elevation of 4,500 meters, Hanley is home to the second-highest optical telescope in the world, established in 2001 by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics.
  • Dina Boluarte becomes Peru’s first female president after former president Pedro Castillo is impeached and arrested.
  • Brazilian football legend Edson Arantes do Nascimento, popularly known as “Pele” died at 82 after battling colon cancer. The only player to win the World Cup three times, lifting the trophy in 1958, 1962, and 1970, Pele was named Fifa’s Player of the Century in 2000. Widely regarded as one of soccer’s greatest players, Pele is credited with scoring a world record 1,281 goals in 1,363 appearances during a 21-year career, including 77 goals in 92 matches for his country. The forward represented the Brazilian club Santos for a large part of his playing career. In the final two years of his football career, Pele played for the New York Cosmos in the United States.
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  • According to the World Athletics, Tokyo Olympics gold medalist javelin thrower Neeraj Chopra of India was the most written-about track and field athlete in 2022, displacing the Jamaican legend Usain Bolt from the top lists.
  • Sangai Festival 2022: Union Tourism Minister G Kishan Reddy inaugurated the ‘Manipur Sangai Festival 2022’ at the Sangai Ethnic Park, Moirang Khunou in Manipur. The festival is named after the state animal, Sangai, the brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur.
  • The Hornbill Festival, the Festival of all Festivals in Nagaland, 10-day festival, which also coincides with the Statehood Day of Nagaland [December 1, 1963]. The festival is a tribute to the great “Hornbill”, which is the most admired and revered bird for the Nagas.
  • One District One Sport’ Scheme: Uttar Pradesh Launches ‘The one District One Sport’ Scheme aims to nurture young sports talent and give them opportunities. The scheme will identify one sport in each of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh. It will then take necessary steps to find district-specific sports talent and further develop their skills so they can compete in district, state, national, an international level tournaments and competitions.
  • Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan declared a 103-year-old seed farm in Aluva, Kochi, located on the banks of the Periyar River, has been declared as the country’s first-ever carbon-neutral farm. A significant reduction in carbon emission has helped the seed farm, under the Agricultural Department, achieve carbon-neutral status.
  • The Kerala Assembly passed two University Law (Amendment) Bills to remove the Governor as the ex-officio Chancellor of 14 universities in the state.
  • Maharashtra has become the first state in the country to have an independent department for Divyang/specially-abled people.
  • Maharashtra Women and Child Development Department has launched ‘Balsnehi’ (child-friendly) buses and vans under an initiative to rehabilitate street children.
  • Meghalaya Drone Delivery Network (MDDN) and hub: The Meghalaya government in partnership with startup TechEagle has unveiled Asia’s first drone delivery hub and network which is aimed at providing universal access to healthcare for the people in the state.
  • Green Tamil Nadu Mission: Tamil Nadu is the first state to launch its own climate change mission to make it a ‘climate-smart state’. The state has proposed 13 goals for the mission, along with 11 focal areas for climate action as part of the Tamil Nadu State Action Plan on Climate Change 2.0 (TNSAPCC 2.0).
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