For any nation security is a top priority, for it to be in top-level intelligence plays a vital part. India has many intelligence agencies that are specified to work in particular areas.
The reason for having one agency for one area is to have a specialised one who can go in depth and gather information as well as provide security and stop crimes.
The Indian agencies were set up in response to a shortage of information and lack of specialisation. Over the years, these agencies have improved so much and have stopped many untoward incidents which a common man does not know. We bring you key agencies of India that strive to keep us safe and sound.
1. RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS WING
The most commonly know agency of India, R&AW is the frontline intelligence provider in India. The Agency though very young is know for its work all over the world and is considered one of the best. It was established in 1968 following the intelligence failures of the Sino-Indian and Indo-Pakistani wars, which persuaded the Government of India to create a specialised, independent agency dedicated to foreign intelligence gathering. R&AW receives little to no attention from the populace, which seems to be unaware of the existence of such an organisation or even India’s internal intelligence agency, theIntelligence Bureau (IB). The excessive secrecy surrounding activities and rare declassification of the information are considered to be the major reasons behind this. More Details: How To Join RAW India (Research And Analysis Wing)
FORMED IN: 1968
AREA OF WORK: Foreign Intelligence
IMPORTANT OPS: creation of Bangladesh, op smiling buddha, Indo-Pak War of 71,99
2. INTELLIGENCE BUREAU
IB stands for Intelligence Bureau and is an autonomous body that was created through an executive order of the government. IB is not an investigative agency and is primarily concerned with a specialised analysis of information. It is also the oldest intelligence agency in the country, created by the government in 1947 at the time of independence. IB carries out intelligence inside the country and counter insurgency and counter terrorism strategies are made based upon analysis of information due by IB. IB specialises in covert, secretive operations and helps the government in formulating foreign policy towards countries with which India does not seem to have good, friendly relations. The members of Intelligence bureau were trained initially by the KGB of
IB specialises in covert, secretive operations and helps the government in formulating foreign policy towards countries with which India does not seem to have good, friendly relations. The members of Intelligence bureau were trained initially by the KGB of Russia
FORMED IN: Initially in 1887, recrafted in 1947
AREA OF WORK: Internal intelligence.
IMPORTANT OPS: Indo-sino war 1962, Indo-Pak 65
3. NATIONAL TECHNICAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION
The National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) is a technical intelligence agency under the National Security Adviser in the Prime Minister’s Office, India. ] It also includes National Institute of Cryptology Research and Development (NICRD), which is first of its kind in Asia. NTRO is responsible for providing technical intelligence to other agencies on internal and external security. The agency is under the control of India’s external intelligence agency,Research and Analysis Wing, although it remains autonomous to some degree.
FORMED IN: 2004
AREA OF WORK: Provide Intelligence to other agencies/ Coordinate gathered intel both foreign and domestic
IMPORTANT OPS: Provided the intel to ICG in blowing up of the pakistani ship on the eve of new year ie 31-12-2014.
4. NARCOTICS CONTROL BUREAU
The NCB is the primary organisation in India to cut and monitor the drug business. The NCB is the law enforcement and intelligence agency of India responsible for fighting drug trafficking and the abuse of illegal substances. It is under the home ministry of India. The major reason for the formation the bureau was to cut down drug trafficking and reduce drug abuse in India. the agency was formed at a time when drug crimes were in peak.
FORMED IN: 1986
AREA OF WORK: Law enforcement and intellignce on drug trafficking
IMPORTANT OPS: operations in coordination with BSF Punjab border, ops with BSF/AMRY Indo-Myanmar border
5. DEFENCE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
The Defence Intelligence Agency (D.I.A.) is an organisation responsible for providing and coordinating intelligence for the Indian armed forces. They deal only with intelligence realteed to defence and thus differ from RAW in that manner.DIA has control of Indian Army’s prized technical intelligence assets –
- the Directorate of Signals Intelligence
- the Defence Image Processing and Analysis Centre (DIPAC).
While the Signals Directorate is responsible for acquiring and decrypting enemy communications, the DIPAC controls India’s satellite-based image acquisition capabilities. The DIA also controls the Defence Information Warfare Agency (DIWA) which handles all elements of the information warfare repertoire, including psychological operations, cyber-war, electronic intercepts and the monitoring of sound waves.
FORMED IN: 2002
AREA OF WORK: Defence related Intelligence both foreign and domestic
The DIA reduces the armed forces reliance on civil intelligence agencies.
6. JOINT CIPHER BUREAU
The joint cypher bureau is a child organisation of the DIA, though functions autonomously. They handle sigal analysis and cryptanalysis. It is alsso responsible in case of a cyber warfare and is expected to take the frontline if one happens to take place.The Joint Cipher Bureau works closely with the IB and R&AW. It is responsible for cryptanalysis and encryption of sensitive data. Aslo JCB works in trassfering critical coordinates in the case of military operations. They also handle the cryptology of public and private products that enter the Indian market and are responsible
FORMED IN: 2002
AREA OF WORK: signal analysis and cryptology
7. DIRECTORATE OF AIR INTELLIGENCE
The Directorate of Air Intelligence is the intelligence arm of the Indian Air Force. They work in the monitoring of airspace of India, this includes both internal and along the border. TEhy gathers information on the basic on reconiasesce. The use of sofisticated AWACS and drone play a key role for this purpose. The intel is used for the operations of the air force.
AREA OF WORK : Intelligence relating to AIR FORCE
IMPORTANT OPS : Indo-Pak war 65, ’71
8. DIRECTORATE OF NAVAL INTELLIGENCE
The directorate of naval intelligence in the intelligence arm of India navy. They specialise in naval warfare and information gathering ar sea. The use of radars and drones in the recent times has enhanced the ability of the arm and has replaced the traditional patrolling method of gathering information. Along with MARCOS, the NAVAL intelligence is capable of gaining information from the enemy by penetrating deep into his lines.
AREA OF WORK: Naval intelligence / enforcement in Indian waters
IMPORTANT OPS: bombing of Karachi port, use of Russia in 1971 war
9. NATIONAL INVESTIGATIVE AGENCIES (NIA)
The National Investigate Agency was created by an Act of the Parliament of India in 2008. It was created after the Mumbai Terror Attack with the provisions for taking up particular cases under particular Acts for investigation and prosecution. It may be believed to strife with the duty that is solely to the states; however, it can’t be definitively said that the Agency is unconstitutional. It was not an Agency to deal with offences under all the laws.
This agency only deals with eight laws as mentioned below:
- The Atomic Energy Act, 1962
- The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967
- The Anti-Hijacking Act, 1982
- The Suppression of Unlawful Acts against Safety of Civil Aviation Act, 1982
- The SAARC Convention (Suppression of Terrorism) Act, 1993
- The Suppression of Unlawful Acts against Safety of Maritime Navigation and Fixed Platforms on Continental Shelf Act, 2002
- The Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005
- Offences under—Chapter VI of the Indian Penal Code and Sections 489-A to 489-E (both inclusive) of the Indian Penal Code.
The National Investigation Agency (NIA) inaugurated a new branch office in Jharkhand on November 5th 2020. The jurisdiction of the NIA Ranchi branch extends to the states of Bihar and Jharkhand. Y C Modi, the current Director-General/Chief of NIA inaugurated the office.
10. CENTRAL BUREA OF INVESTIGATION (CBI)
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India. It operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Government of India. Originally set up to investigate bribery and governmental corruption, in 1965 it received expanded jurisdiction to investigate breaches of central laws enforceable by the Government of India, multi-state organised crime, multi-agency or international cases.
The agency has been known to investigate several economic crimes, special crimes, cases of corruption and other cases. CBI is exempted from the provisions of the Right to Information Act. CBI is India’s officially designated single point of contact for liaison with the Interpol.
The CBI headquarter is located in CGO Complex, near Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in New Delhi.
These agencies make sure to do the job without any appreciation and tend to do it to perfection every time, in order to serve the motherland. They do it so that you and me can live in peace. So which intelligence agency are you joining to serve the nation ? Let us know in the comments section!
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