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NDA 2 2024 Exam Maths Logarithms

Logarithms are a crucial component of the NDA-NA Mathematics Paper I, and understanding them can significantly enhance your performance in the exam. In a recent class dedicated to preparing for...

Logarithms are a crucial component of the NDA-NA Mathematics Paper I, and understanding them can significantly enhance your performance in the exam. In a recent class dedicated to preparing for this exam, we delved into the topic of logarithms, covering essential sub-topics such as the definition of logarithms, properties of logarithms, and extensive practice with MCQs based on the NDA-NA exam pattern. This article aims to highlight these key areas and provide strategies to effectively tackle logarithm questions in the exam.

Definition of Logarithms

A logarithm is the power to which a number (the base) must be raised to produce a given number. In simpler terms, if you have a number ( y ) and you know that ( y ) is the result of raising ( b ) (the base) to the power of ( x ), then ( x ) is the logarithm of ( y ) to the base ( b ). This relationship is written as:

x = logb(y)

For example, if 102 = 100 , then log10100 = 2 .

Properties of Logarithms

Logarithms have several important properties that make them useful for simplifying and solving mathematical problems. Understanding these properties is essential for solving logarithm-related questions efficiently. Here are some key properties:

  1. Product Rule:
    logb(x.y) = logb(x) + logb(y)
  2. Quotient Rule:
    logb( x / y ) = logb(x) – logb(y)
  3. Power Rule:
    logb xk = k log_b(x)
  4. Change of Base Formula:
    logb(a) = logk(a) / logk(b)
    This property allows you to convert logarithms from one base to another, which can be particularly useful if your calculator only has keys for certain bases (like base 10 or base e).
  5. Logarithm of 1:
    logb(1) = 0
    This is because any number raised to the power of 0 is 1.
  6. Logarithm of the Base:
    logb(b) = 1
    This is because any number raised to the power of 1 is the number itself.

Strategies for Solving Logarithm Questions

  1. Understand the Basics: Make sure you have a solid grasp of what logarithms are and how they work. This fundamental understanding will help you recognize when and how to apply logarithmic properties.
  2. Learn and Practice Properties: Memorize the key properties of logarithms mentioned above. Practice applying these properties in different contexts to become comfortable with their use.
  3. Break Down Complex Problems: For more complex problems, break them down into smaller, manageable parts. Use the properties of logarithms to simplify each part before combining them to find the solution.
  4. Use the Change of Base Formula: If you encounter a logarithm with an unfamiliar base, use the change of base formula to convert it to a base you are comfortable with, such as base 10 or base e.
  5. Practice with MCQs: Solving multiple-choice questions (MCQs) based on logarithms will help you become familiar with the types of questions that may appear on the exam. Practice under timed conditions to improve your speed and accuracy.
  6. Check Your Work: Always double-check your calculations and ensure that your final answer makes sense in the context of the problem. This is especially important in a timed exam setting where simple mistakes can be costly.

Practicing Logarithm MCQs

The best way to prepare for the logarithm questions in the NDA-NA exam is through extensive practice with MCQs. Here are some strategies to keep in mind while practicing:

  1. Identify the Type of Question: Determine whether the question is testing your understanding of a specific property of logarithms, your ability to manipulate logarithmic expressions, or your skill in solving logarithmic equations.
  2. Apply Properties Methodically: Apply the logarithmic properties methodically and step-by-step. Avoid skipping steps, as this can lead to errors.
  3. Use Elimination: In MCQs, if you are unsure of the correct answer, use the process of elimination to narrow down your choices. Look for answers that do not make sense given the properties of logarithms.
  4. Timed Practice: Simulate exam conditions by practicing under timed conditions. This will help you manage your time effectively during the actual exam and reduce the likelihood of rushing through questions.
  5. Review Mistakes: After practicing, review any mistakes you made and understand where you went wrong. This will help you avoid similar mistakes in the future and reinforce your understanding of logarithms.


Mastering logarithms is essential for performing well in the NDA-NA Mathematics Paper I. By understanding the definition and properties of logarithms, and by practicing extensively with MCQs, you can develop the skills needed to tackle logarithm questions confidently and efficiently. Use the strategies outlined in this article to guide your preparation and ensure that you are well-prepared for the exam.

Approach your study sessions with a positive mindset, stay consistent, and focus on understanding the underlying concepts. With diligent practice and a thorough grasp of logarithms, you will be well on your way to success in the NDA-NA exam. Good luck!

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