Recently many SSB interview aspirants are facing GK questions related to the Coronavirus COVID-19 which is one of the hot topics globally. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Here are a few questions that you might face in SSB interview related to Coronavirus.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that range from the common cold to MERS coronavirus, which is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus and SARs, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus.
Where do coronaviruses come from?
Coronaviruses are circulating in animals and some of these coronaviruses have the capability of transmitting between animals and humans. We call that a spillover event.
How did coronavirus get its name?
The word coronavirus is more of an umbrella term that refers to a group of viruses that cause diseases like SARS, MERS and COVID-19. As is often the case in the scientific world, coronavirus’ name is Latin. In the ancient language, corona means crown. Virions give off the appearance of a crown when the virus is examined with an electron microscope. As for the new disease caused by the coronavirus, it was originally called novel coronavirus. In February, the World Health Organization gave us the name COVID-19. The CO stands for corona. VI is for virus. And D means disease. The 19 is for 2019, the year the disease first appeared in China.
What is COVID-19?
COVID is a term representing a coronavirus outbreak, created by the World Health Organization to standardize terminology for such events. “19” is the year, 2019 in case of COVID-19.
From where COVID-19 started?
On 31 December 2019, a cluster of pneumonia cases of unknown cause was reported by health authorities in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province, China, and an investigation was launched in early January 2020. These cases mostly had links to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, which also sold live animals; consequently the virus is thought to have a zoonotic origin. The virus that caused the outbreak is known as SARS-CoV-2, a new virus that is closely related to bat coronaviruses, pangolin coronaviruses and SARS-CoV. It is believed that the virus possibly originated in bats of the Rhinolophus genus.
What is SARS?
Severe acute respiratory syndrome: SARS appeared in 2002 in China. It spread worldwide within a few months, although it was quickly contained. SARS is a virus transmitted through droplets that enter the air when someone with the disease coughs, sneezes or talks. No known transmission has occurred since 2004.Fever, dry cough, headache, muscle aches and difficulty breathing are symptoms.No treatment exists except supportive care.
What is MERS?
Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus, or EMC/2012, is a species of coronavirus which infects humans, bats, and camels. The infecting virus is an enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus which enters its host cell by binding to the DPP4 receptor.
What COVID-19 do to our body?
The virus is spread through droplets transmitted into the air from coughing or sneezing, which people nearby can take in through their nose, mouth or eyes. The viral particles in these droplets travel quickly to the back of your nasal passages and to the mucous membranes in the back of your throat, attaching to a particular receptor in cells, beginning there. Coronavirus particles have spiked proteins sticking out from their surfaces, and these spikes hook onto cell membranes, allowing the virus’s genetic material to enter the human cell. That genetic material proceeds to “hijack the metabolism of the cell and say, in effect, ‘Don’t do your usual job. Your job now is to help me multiply and make the virus,’
Is there any treatment for COVID-19?
While some western, traditional or home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of COVID-19, there is no evidence that current medicine can prevent or cure the disease. WHO does not recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19. However, there are several ongoing clinical trials that include both western and traditional medicines. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings are available.
Is COVID-19 the same as SARS?
No. The virus that causes COVID-19 and the one that caused the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 are related to each other genetically, but the diseases they cause are quite different. SARS was more deadly but much less infectious than COVID-19. There have been no outbreaks of SARS anywhere in the world since 2003.
How long COVID-19 virus can survive on the surface?
It is not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave like other coronaviruses. Studies suggest that coronaviruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment). If you think a surface may be infected, clean it with simple disinfectant to kill the virus and protect yourself and others. Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.
What measures are being taken by Govt of Indian to control COVID-19?
All existing visas, except diplomatic, official, UN/International Organizations, employment, project visas, stand suspended till April 15, while Indian nationals are strongly advised to avoid all non-essential travel abroad. On their return, they can be subjected to quarantine for a minimum of 14 days. The Delhi government declared coronavirus as an epidemic in the state with 6 confirmed cases. All schools, colleges and cinema halls in Delhi will remain shut till March 31 as a measure to counter the coronavirus, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal announced on Thursday, March 12. The Delhi government had shut the primary schools earlier this month, the secondary classes were left open in view of the exams. The Chief Minister also declared that all cinema halls will remain shut in Delhi till 31st March. Schools and colleges where exams are not being held will also remain closed. Delhi government has also made disinfecting all public places, including government, private offices and shopping malls compulsory. Furthermore, vacant flats owned by Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board will be used for quarantine, says CM Kejriwal.
- Over 1,500 people under observation for coming in contact with 73 positive cases of coronavirus, as revealed by the Union Health Ministry. 10.5 lakh people screened so far at 30 designated airports in India, says the ministry.
- Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways advised states and Union Territories to take all steps for sanitisation of public transport vehicles and terminals. This is to ensure sanitation of seats, handles and bars at all bus terminals are disinfected. The ministry also suggested that the public transport should display public health messages in vehicles, bus terminals and bus stops and asked states and UTs to take expeditious action and mobilise all necessary support in this regard.
- All educational institutions, stadiums and sports clubs in Srinagar are closed from till further orders amid the coronavirus scare as a precautionary step, the city administration has said. Srinagar Mayor Junaid Azim Mattu said that its “an unavoidable decision” to allow the Srinagar Municipal Corporation (SMC) to plan, sterilize and sanitize schools and colleges. Under a special set of statutory provisions, SMC has also ordered closure of all educational institutions, public clubs, sports clubs, indoor and open stadiums, coaching centres within Srinagar city limits till further orders. The mayor said the Corporation will procure 1,000 full quarantine body kits and spraying machines and all public as well as private hospitals will go into heightened sanitation mode. The Corporation also ordered cancellation of all sports events within its limits and phased segregation of flea markets, including weekly markets, with an immediate effect. It has also issued an advisory asking people to desist shopping, especially eatables and garments, from roadside vendors.
- The Haryana government has declared a coronavirus epidemic, State Health Minister Anil Vij said that an appeal has also been issued to persons who have travelled abroad in the last 14 days to self-isolate for at least two weeks. He also said that a campaign has been launched across the state to identify such persons across educational institutions, nursing homes and hospitals in Haryana. New regulations called ‘Haryana Epidemic COVID-19 Regulations 2020’ have also been issued and district magistrates/deputy district magistrates/civil surgeons and other health officials in each district directed to take preventive steps against coronavirus in their respective areas. All hospitals in Haryana have been directed to create and maintain a data on all suspected cases and of those who have come in contact with such patients.
- Kerala continues to be on a high alert with more test results of COVID-19 suspects expected soon as the state reports the most number of cases (17) in the country. The total number of people under observation is 3,020, while 293 are admitted to various hospitals in the state, said state Health Minister K.K. Shailaja. She also informed that out of the 1,179 samples sent for testing, 889 samples reports have come back and are all negative. The Kerala government has closed all educational institutions in the state till March 31.
In your opinion, how can we control the COVID-19 in India?
Share your opinions in the comment section below.