1 October: International Day of the Elderly
- The International Day of Older Persons (IDOP) is observed every year on October 1 to raise awareness about issues affecting elderly and to appreciate contributions that older people make to society.
- On December 14, 1990 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons.
1 October: World Vegetarian Day
- World Vegetarian Day is observed annually around the planet on October 1.
- It is a day of celebration established by the North American Vegetarian Society in 1977 and endorsed by the International Vegetarian Union in 1978
2 October: Gandhi Jayanti
- Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October,1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat.
- He is remembered for his unforgettable contribution in the struggle of freedom.
- In 2007, the UN General Assembly came up with a resolution to launch the International Day of Non-Violence.
- The first International Day of Non-Violence was on October 2, 2007.
4 October: World Animal Welfare Day
- World Animal Day is celebrated on 4 October every year to raise awareness about improving the welfare standards of the animals around the world.
- World Animal Day celebrates the relationship between humankind and the animal kingdom. We can’t ignore that animals play an important role in our lives.
5 October: World Habitat Day
- This day is observed every year on the first Monday of October month throughout the world.
- In 1985, the UNGA declared that the 1st Monday in October would be World Habitat Day.
- It is observed to recognize the basic right of all humanity to adequate shelter, and to encourage grassroots action toward ending poverty housing.
5 October: World Teachers’ Day
- World Teachers’ Day, also known as International Teachers Day, is an international day held annually on October 5.
- Its aim is to raise awareness about the role of teachers’ in playing quality education at all levels and to improve the situations of teachers’ in the world.
8 October: Indian Air Force Day
- The Air Force Day is celebrated every year on October 8.
- This day Indian Air Force was officially established in 1932.
- The Day is observed to increase the awareness of Indian air force in any organisation of the national security both officially and publicly.
9 October: World Postal Day
- World Post Day is celebrated every year on 9 October to raise awareness about the role of Post’s in everyday lives of people and businesses.
- It is celebrated in remembrance of the establishment of Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Bern, Switzerland.
10 October: World Mental Health Day
- The World Mental Health Day (WHD) is organized by World Federation for Mental Health and is supported by WHO – World Health Organization all over the world.
- The main objective of WHD is to raise awareness about mental health issues all over the world.
11 October: International Girl Child Day
- International Day of the Girl Child is celebrated annually on 11 October to highlight and draw attention towards the challenges that girls’ face.
- Aim: To highlight the challenges of gender inequality that girls are facing in present world. The inequality includes areas such as access to education, nutrition, legal rights, medical care, and access to employment.
13 October: UN International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
- The International Day for Disaster Reduction is observed on 13 October annually to raise awareness about disaster reduction.
- The day encourages every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster-resilient communities and nations.
14 October: World Standards Day
- It is an international day celebrated internationally each year on 14 October.
- It is observed for paying tribute to the collaborative efforts of thousands of experts worldwide who develop the voluntary technical agreements that are published as International Standards.
15 October: World Students Day
- The United Nations had declared in 2010 as World Students’ Day on 15 October.
- Which is the birth anniversary of the Missile Man of India Dr. Abdul Kalam.
- Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s role in teaching and his dedication.
- Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India (2002-2007).
15 October: Global Handwashing Day
- Global Handwashing Day is an international handwashing promotion campaign to motivate and mobilize people around the world to improve their handwashing habits.
16 October: World Food Day
- World Food Day is celebrated annually on 16 October across the globe to honour the establishment of the Food and Agriculture Organisation.
- This day generates awareness globally for those who suffer from hunger and to ensure the need for food security and nutritious diets for all.
- The main focus of this day is that food is a basic and fundamental human right.
17 October: International Poverty Eradication Day
- It is celebrated across the globe every year on 17 October to raise awareness about the people who are struggling and living in poverty.
- The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) was instituted by UNGA by adopting a resolution on 22 December 1992.
20 October: National Solidarity Day
- National solidarity day is celebrated on 20th October every year.
- It is the date on which China attacked India in 1962.
- 20th October 1962 the war began when people liberation army of China attacked India at the Himalayan borders in Ladakh and Arunachal simultaneously.
- There was a massive loss of life and property in this war.
- During these days, Indian people displayed a heart-warming solidarity, unity and team spirit.
- National Solidarity day is a reminder to all Indians of the significance of unity and integrity in protecting our nation.
24 October: United Nations Day
- Each year on 24th October, the UN celebrates its anniversary.
- UN Day marks the anniversary of the entry into force of the UN Charter and the founding of the Organization in 1945.
- The name “United Nations” was coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
24 October: World Development Information Day
- World Development Information Day (WDID) is observed every year on October 24 to draw attention of world to development problems and necessity of strengthening international cooperation to solve them.
31 October: Rashtriya Ekta Diwas
- The government, in 2014, decided to observe Sardar Patel Jayanti Day as Ekta Diwas.
- This occasion provides an opportunity to re-affirm the inherent strength and resilience of the nation to withstand the threats to its unity, integrity and security.
- Sardar Patel is credited with uniting all 562 princely states in pre-independent India to build the Republic of India.
- Rashtriya Ekta Diwas was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, by paying tribute to the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s statue and flagging of a program which was known as ‘Run For Unity’ in New Delhi.