List Of National Parks In India

List of National Parks India

It is important for defence aspirants to learn about wildlife conservation in India. Our national parks are an important feature of our wildlife conservation measures. In this article we present to you all you need to know about national parks.

What is a National Park?

A national park is a natural area set aside by the government of any state for environmental protection. A national park may be visited for recreational purposes or for its scientific or historical importance. National Parks are protected locations in India under Act 35(A) of the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972. When Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand, was established in 1936, it became India’s first national park, initially known as Hailey National Park. The largest national park in India is Hemis National Park, Ladakh and the smallest one is South Button Island National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.There are 106 national parks in India. We present you the list of national parks in India:

Significance of National Parks

1. Conservation of Nature

Our national parks are the backbone of India’s biodiversity conservation efforts, including critical habitat that allows animals and plants to live and grow. They form a ‘backbone’ of core conservation areas that may be linked by conservation activities across tenures, providing a diversified, healthy, and resilient ecosystem, when combined with additional protected areas. Saving endangered species, which are found in our national parks, requires a well-connected landscape. Furthermore, our protected areas provide life-sustaining services that are critical to the health of our ecosystem and society, such as the preservation of urban water catchments and climate improvement.

2. Economic advantages

National parks contribute significantly to India’s economy, with nature-based tourism bringing in billions each year. The millions of visitors who visit our national parks each year support regional communities by creating jobs and spending money on lodging, fuel, and food. Natural regions in good condition also supply a number of materials and processes that are essential to human existence and the economy. Protected areas, for example, provide a water collection and filter service, enhancing the quality of the water we drink, use for agriculture, and utilise in industry.

3. Cultural Impact

History and culture abound in national parks. Indigenous and tribal peoples continue to use our protected areas for a variety of purposes, including food, tools, medicine, and commerce, as well as ceremonial and spiritual activities. People may create and maintain relationships with

the land, as well as share their priceless cultural knowledge with the greater community, by visiting national parks.

4. Health and Well-Being

Natural environments have a significant impact on our physical and mental wellness. Our national parks are significant sanctuaries in our increasingly hectic world, where people may take time off to appreciate nature, get active, relax, and rejuvenate, while nature’s intrinsic beauty provides a source of artistic, creative, and spiritual inspiration. Contact with the natural environment has been shown to have a substantial positive psychological effect, reducing stress, anger, frustration, and aggressiveness, allowing for social bonding, and offering a location for learning and cerebral stimulation, according to research. Playing outside has long-term advantages for children in particular. Aside from the obvious health and wellness advantages, our national parks also support us in less visible ways, such as functioning as natural buffers against extreme weather occurrences, assisting in climate management, and supplying us with clean water and food.

Here is the state-wise list of National Parks in India.

State/Union TerritoryNational Parks NameEstablishment Year
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsCampbell Bay National Park1992
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsGalathea Bay National Park1992
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsMahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park1982
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsMiddle Button Island National Park1987
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsMount Harriett National Park1987
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsNorth Button Island National Park1987
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsRani Jhansi Marine National Park1996
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsSaddle Peak National Park1987
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsSouth Button Island National Park1987
Andhra PradeshPapikonda National Park2008
Andhra PradeshRajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park2005
Andhra PradeshSri Venkateswara National Park1989
Arunachal PradeshMouling National Park1986
Arunachal PradeshNamdapha National Park1983
AssamDibru-Saikhowa National Park1999
AssamKaziranga National Park1974
AssamManas National Park1990
AssamNameri National Park1998
AssamRajiv Gandhi Orang National Park1999
BiharValmiki National Park1989
ChhattisgarhGuru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park1981
ChhattisgarhIndravati (Kutru) National Park1982
ChhattisgarhKanger Valley National Park1982
GoaMollem National Park1992
GujaratVansda National Park1979
GujaratBlackbuck (Velavadar) National Park1976
GujaratGir National Park1975
GujaratMarine (Gulf of Kachchh) National Park1982
HaryanaKalesar National Park2003
HaryanaSultaNational Parkur National Park1989
Himachal PradeshGreat Himalayan National Park1984
Himachal PradeshInderkilla National Park2010
Himachal PradeshKhirganga National Park2010
Himachal PradeshPin Valley National Park1987
Himachal PradeshSimbalbara National Park2010
Jammu and KashmirCity Forest (Salim Ali) National Park1992
Jammu and KashmirDachigam National Park1981
Jammu and KashmirKishtwar National Park1981
JharkhandBetla National Park1986
KarnatakaAnshi National Park1987
KarnatakaBandipur National Park1974
KarnatakaBannerghatta National Park1974
KarnatakaKudremukh National Park1987
KarnatakaNagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park1988
KeralaAnamudi Shola National Park2003
KeralaEravikulam National Park1978
KeralaMathikettan Shola National Park2003
KeralaPambadum Shola National Park2003
KeralaPeriyar National Park1982
KeralaSilent Valley National Park1984
Madhya PradeshBandhavgarh National Park1968
Madhya PradeshFossil National Park1983
Madhya PradeshIndira Priyadarshini Pench National Park1975
Madhya PradeshKanha National Park1955
Madhya PradeshMadhav National Park1959
Madhya PradeshPanna National Park1981
Madhya PradeshSanjay National Park1981
Madhya PradeshSatpura National Park1981
Madhya PradeshVan Vihar National Park1979
MaharashtraChandoli National Park2004
MaharashtraGugamal National Park1975
MaharashtraNawegaon National Park1975
MaharashtraPench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park1975
MaharashtraSanjay Gandhi (Borivali) National Park1983
MaharashtraTadoba National Park1955
ManipurKeibul-Lamjao National Park1977
MeghalayaBalphakram National Park1985
MeghalayaNokrek Ridge National Park1986
MizoramMurlen National Park1991
MizoramPhawngpui Blue Mountain National Park1992
NagalandIntanki National Park1993
OdishaBhitarkanika National Park1988
OdishaSimlipal National Park1980
RajasthanMukundra Hills National Park2006
RajasthanDesert National Park1992
RajasthanKeoladeo Ghana National Park1981
RajasthanRanthambhore National Park1980
RajasthanSariska National Park1992
SikkimKhangchendzonga National Park1977
Tamil NaduGuindy National Park1976
Tamil NaduGulf of Mannar Marine National Park1980
Tamil NaduIndira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park1989
Tamil NaduMudumalai National Park1990
Tamil NaduMukurthi National Park1990
LadakhHemis National Park1981
TelanganaKasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park1994
TelanganaMahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park1994
TelanganaMrugavani National Park1994
TripuraClouded Leopard National Park2007
TripuraBison (Rajbari) National Park2007
Uttar PradeshDudhwa National Park1977
UttarakhandCorbett National Park1936
UttarakhandGangotri National Park1989
UttarakhandGovind National Park1990
UttarakhandNanda Devi National Park1982
UttarakhandRajaji National Park1983
UttarakhandValley of Flowers National Park1982
West BengalBuxa National Park1992
West BengalGorumara National Park1992
West BengalJaldapara National Park2014
West BengalNeora Valley National Park1986
West BengalSingalila National Park1986
West BengalSunderban National Park1984

Conclusion

The value of national parks may be measured in a variety of ways. National parks are critical for preserving biodiversity by supporting ecosystems and the flora that live within them, protecting the environment by providing sustainable energy and mitigating the effects of climate change, and supporting national and local economies by promoting tourism and protecting agriculture.

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Aravind J

    Intern at SSBCrackExams. Psychology Undergrad. Defence Enthusiast. Loves Jung, SciFi, and Metal, though not necessarily in the same order all the time.

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