Indian Army has numerous establishments since the time of colonial rule that is spread across the country. These establishments at strategic locations are more than a century old and have been established as a norm for that specific routine or process, for example – certain places are now associated with Infantry, Artillery, Armoured etc. How many of us know that Deolali Cantt used to be a place where British Soldiers used to rest and cool off before embarking on a ship to England or to head in the Indian Mainland. Each of the listed establishments is very significant in the aspect they have been mentioned and described.
Let’s have a look at these training establishments of the mighty Indian Army where the iron is forged.
The Academies and Establishments Of The Indian Army
Rashtriya Indian Military College
The Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC), Dehradun was founded on 13 March 1922 with the object of providing necessary preliminary recruit training for Indians wishing to become officers in Indian Armed Forces. The institution now runs school classes from 8th to 12th on 10+2 CBSE pattern and serves as a feeder institution to the National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla (Pune), where males who have passed 12th class of school are taken as cadets to receive their initial training for the Army, Navy and Air Force.
• Chail Military School, Chail (oldest one) (Previously known as King George Royal Indian Military College) Shimla.
• Ajmer Military School, Ajmer (Found 1930) (Previously known as King George Royal Indian Military College) Ajmer
• Bangalore Military School (Erstwhile King George Military School, Bangalore and now Rashtriya Military School, Bangalore)
• Belgaum Military School
• Dholpur Military School
Army War College
It is the premier All Arms Tactical Training Institution for officers and performs important functions of evaluation of concepts and doctrines in the fields of tactics and operational logistics. The institution was earlier known as College of Combat, Mhow and has been re-designated as Army War College, Mhow from 1 January 2003.
The Infantry School, Mhow is the largest and the oldest military training centre of the Indian Army. The institution is responsible for developing the complete spectrum of tactical drills and concepts pertaining to infantry operating in varied terrain and environment and introduces them from time to time. This institution also trains the National Shooting Team under the aegis of Army Marksmanship Unit (AMU) which is part of Infantry School.
Junior Leaders Wing
The Junior Leaders Wing, Belgaum is part of Infantry School, Mhow and trains junior officers and junior leaders in sub-unit level in tactical and special mission techniques to enable them to carry out assigned operational missions.
Indian Military Academy
The Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun is credited with providing excellent officers who are highly disciplined, thoroughly motivated and deeply committed to serving the Nation with honour and dignity. The valediction of the Academy is evident from the bountiful sagas of bravery, valour and sacrifice displayed by its alumni in times of crisis.
Army Cadet College
Army Cadet College (ACC), Dehradun is a Wing of the IMA which caters for the training of service cadets selected for the commission. On completion of the course, these cadets also qualify for a B.A. or B.Sc. degree, recognised by the Jawaharlal Nehru University.
Officers Training Academy, Chennai
The Officers Training Academy imparts training to young men and women to enable them to take their rightful place as officers in the Indian Army.
Officers Training Academy, Gaya
OTA Gaya, raised in July 2011, is the third pre-commission training (PCT) academy of the Indian Army with a planned training capacity of 750 cadets. It imparts pre-commission military training to regular army officers from Technical and SCO entries. The Officers Training Academy (OTA) in Gaya is being shut down as it is not used to its full potential and the Sikh Light Infantry Regimental Centre, which is strapped for space at Fatehpur in Uttar Pradesh, will shift there.
High Altitude Warfare School
The High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS), Gulmarg is a training establishment imparting specialised Mountain Warfare and Winter Warfare Training to Indian Army personnel.
Armoured Corps Centre and School
The Armoured Corps Centre and School (ACCS), Ahmednagar is a premier institution of the Army. It imparts training pertaining to the employment of mechanical forces in battle and development of concepts for future battle.
School of Artillery
School of Artillery, Deolali Nasik district, Maharastra is a premier institution of the Army and imparts effective training, evaluation of new equipment for induction and development of new concepts/ doctrine for application of artillery fire.
Army Air Defence College
The Army Air Defence College (AADC), Gopalpur imparts training for provision of effective Air Defence Artillery protection to ground forces against long and medium-altitude enemy air attacks and also to preserve specified tactical and strategic vital areas and pivotal points from critical danger and destruction from enemy air attacks.
College of Military Engineering
The role of College of Military Engineering (CME), Pune encompasses three aspects, i.e., training, advisory, projects research and experimentation.
Military College Of Telecommunication Engineering
The Military College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow is a premier training institute of the Corps of Signals. A variety of courses catering for the training needs in Information Technology and Communication for the Indian Army are conducted at MCTE.
Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School (CIJW School)
The CIJW School in Vairengte, Mizoram, is an institution for counter-guerrilla training. The institution has risen to be the nodal agency for imparting counter-insurgency training for the other branches.
Junior Leaders Academy (JLA), Bareilly and Ramgarh
The Junior Leaders Academy (JLA), Bareilly and Ramgarh conduct institutionalised leadership training for Junior Leaders, who are Junior Commissioned Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers of the Army.
Army Supply Corps (ASC) Centre and College
The ASC Centre and College, Bangalore imparts training to Officers, personnel below officer rank of Army Service Corps and other arms and services indicating personnel from foreign countries in various disciplines of Suppliers, Fuel, Oil and Lubricants, Mechanical Transport, Animal Transport and Air dispatch. The Centre also trains recruits for induction into service into Army Service Corps.
Army Medical Corps (AMC) Centre and School
The AMC Centre and School, Lucknow conducts from basic to advance courses for Army Medical Corps and Military Nursing Service Officers. The Centre also trains recruits for induction into service into Army Medical Corps.
College of Materials Management (CMM), Jabalpur
The College of Materials Management (CMM), Jabalpur is the hub centre of all logistics courses for Army. It runs courses like advance material management, higher munition course and quartermaster courses for officers, JCOs and NCOs. It also imparts basic training to technical clerks.
Military College of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering
The Military College of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering (MCEME), Secunderabad (Andhra Pradesh) is an institution of technical education in the Army. The College was awarded the Golden Peacock National Training Award (1997) as well as the Golden Peacock National Quality Award.
Remount and Veterinary Corps (RVC) Centre and School
The RVC Centre and School, Meerut Cantonment, imparts basic military and technical training to young veterinary graduates on commission and to various technical tradesmen of the corps like Dressers, Riders, Ferriers, Army Dog trainers and lab attendants. The Centre also trains recruits for induction into service into Remount and Veterinary Corps Centre and School.
Army Education Corps (AEC) Training College and Centre
The AEC Training College and Centre, Pachmarhi is a Category A establishment, a Regimental Training Centre for AEC personnel and an Autonomous College affiliated to Barkatullah University, Bhopal.
Corps of Military Police (CMP) Centre and School
The CMP Centre and School, Bangalore imparts basic military training to all personnel enrolled in Corps of Military Police and also conduct courses for officers on deputation to the corps.
Army School of Physical Training
The Army School of Physical Training (ASPT), Pune runs the Sports Training Course for Army personnel, central police organisation and paramilitary forces to train instructors capable of imparting physical training and sports coaching at the appropriate level.
Army Airborne Training School
The Army Airborne Training School (AATS), Agra imparts training in aerial delivery and air transportation of men and material. It is also responsible for carrying out Research and Trial pertaining to air portability and para dropping of all types of equipment.
Institute of National Integration
The Institute of National Integration (INI), Pune imparts training to Officers, Personnel below Officer Rank and Religious Teachers. Its focus is on instilling a sense of national and cultural unity in the officer corps.
Institute of Military Law
The Institute of Military Law (IML), Kamptee imparts training to officers of Judge Advocate General Branch as well as other arms and services in military and allied law.
Army Sports Institute
The Army Sports Institute (ASI) at Pune and Army Sports Nodes is a public-relations sports centre, intended for portraying the Army in a positive light. Appropriate funds have been earmarked for the construction and equipment coupled with food habitat, advertising and training under foreign coaches.
Combat Army Aviation Training School (CAATS)
CAATS is the main training course for aviators of the air wing of the Army, The Army Aviation Corps. It is located at the Army Aviation Base in Nashik Road. It replaced the Indian Air Forces academy, the Helicopter Training School (HTS), as the main training school for army aviators. It mainly operates Cheetahs and Chetaks and also has Simulators.
Other Establishments include:
Army Clerks Training School, Aurangabad.
Army School of Mechanical Transport, Bangalore.
Army/ Air Transport Support School, Agra
EME School, Vadodara.
Military Intelligence Training School and Depot (MITSD), Pune
Military School of Music, Pachmarhi.
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