Chetwode became Chief of the General Staff in India in 1928 and Commander-in-Chief, India in November 1930. He was promoted to field marshal on 13 February 1933. In his tenure as Commander-in-Chief, India, Chetwode was an opponent of replacing horses with tanks; he “made the surprising pronouncement that the Army in India would be unlikely to adopt tanks for a very long time, and then only to keep up the momentum of horsed cavalry.” He was much concerned with the modernisation and “Indianisation” of the army in India. The main building and its central hall at the Indian Military Academy is named after him. The credo of the Academy, engraved on the entrance to the central hall, is a passage from his address delivered at the formal inauguration of the Academy in 1932:
THE CHETWODE MOTTO
The safety, honour and welfare of your country come first, always and every time.
The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command come next.
Your own ease, comfort and safety come last, always and every time.
This is known as the “Chetwode Motto” and is the motto of the officers passing out from the Academy.