Following is the translation of Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh’s statement in both Houses of Parliament on December 13, 2022:
I would like to brief this august House about an incident on our border in Tawang Sector of Arunachal Pradesh on 09 December 2022.
On 09 December 2022, PLA troops tried to transgress the LAC in Yangtse area of Tawang Sector and unilaterally change the status quo. The Chinese attempt was contested by our troops in a firm and resolute manner. The ensuing face-off led to a physical scuffle in which the Indian Army bravely prevented the PLA from transgressing into our territory and compelled them to return to their posts. The scuffle led to injuries to a few personnel on both sides. I wish to share with this House that there are no fatalities or serious casualties on our side.
Due to timely intervention of Indian military commanders, PLA soldiers went back to their locations. As a follow-up of the incident, local Commander in the area held a Flag Meeting with his counterpart on 11 December 2022 to discuss the issue in accordance with established mechanisms. The Chinese side was asked to refrain from such actions and maintain peace and tranquility along the border. The issue has also been taken up with the Chinese side through diplomatic channels.
I would like to assure this House that our Forces are committed to protecting our territorial integrity and will continue to thwart any attempt made on it. I am confident that this entire House will stand united in supporting our soldiers in their brave effort. Jai Hind!”
Also read: India And China Troops Clashed Near The Line Of Actual Control In Tawang
What is LAC: Line of Actual Control
In the context of the Sino-Indian border dispute, the Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a fictitious demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. In a 1959 letter to Jawaharlal Nehru, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai introduced the concept as the “line up to which each side exercises actual control,” but Nehru rejected it as incoherent. Following the 1962 Sino-Indian War, the term came to refer to the line formed.
The LAC is distinct from the borders claimed by each country in the Sino-Indian border dispute. The Indian claims encompass the entire Aksai Chin region, while the Chinese claims encompass Arunachal Pradesh. These claims are not covered by the concept of “actual control.”
The LAC is generally divided into three sectors: the western sector, which includes
- Ladakh on the Indian side, and the Chinese autonomous regions of Tibet and Xinjiang. The 2020 China-India skirmishes took place in this sector.
- Between Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the Indian side and the Tibet autonomous region on the Chinese side
- Between Arunachal Pradesh on the Indian side and the Tibet autonomous region on the Chinese side The McMahon Line is generally followed in this sector.
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