What is a Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS)? [Fully Explained]

On September 27, 2022, the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the coast of Odisha, was the site of two successful test launches by the DRDO of the Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile.

What does VSHORADS stand for?

  • It stands for Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile and they are the Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) known as VSHORADS.

What is a Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS)?

  • A group of MANPAD & anti-aircraft weapons and techniques called Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missiles are used to defend against low-altitude air threats, notably helicopters and low-flying aircraft.
  • The last line of defence for soldiers against hostile combat helicopters and aircraft is VSHORADS. Medium to Low Air Defense divides the battlespace into domes of responsibility for air defence based on altitude and defensive weapon ranges.

WATCH: The Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile flight tested from a ground-based portable launcher, at Chandipur, off the Odisha coast

Key features of Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS)

  • VSHORADS features a number of cutting-edge technologies, including an integrated avionics system and a miniaturised Reaction Control System.
  • In collaboration with other DRDO laboratories and Indian Industry Partners, the Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad conceived and created the Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) known as VSHORADS.
  • Numerous unique technologies, including integrated avionics and a miniaturised Reaction Control System (RCS), have been successfully tested and are included in the VSHORADS missile.
  • The missile is propelled by a dual thrust solid motor and is designed to eliminate low altitude aerial threats at close ranges.
  • The missile’s design, including the launcher, has undergone extensive optimization to ensure portability. The mission objectives have been fully satisfied by both flight tests.
  • The missile, which is intended to combat low-altitude aerial threats at close ranges, is propelled by a dual thrust solid motor.
  • The launcher as well as the missile’s design have been highly optimised for portability. The mission goals were completely met by both flying tests.
  • VSHORAD is the soldier’s last line of defence against enemy combat aircraft and helicopters in the multilayered air defence network.
  • These Very Short Range Air Defence Missiles are seen to be absolutely essential for the defence of any significant city or any important strategic area. The Air Defense Guns L-70 and ZU-23 in the Indian Army’s current stock are more than 40 years old and hence completely out of date.

Future developments of Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS)

  • This is a very interesting design. An ejector motor. And then dual-pulse rocket motor in Nag configuration: i.e. launch and sustain motors. Aerospike and wings for drag reduction. It will have a range. and as per the sources, the below developments is to follow in the near future.
    • Vehicle Mounted version
    • Ship-Mounted version
    • Heli-Mounted version

Successful Flight Test of Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS)

  • The Hon. Raksha Mantri, Shri Rajnath Singh, praised and thanked the DRDO and industrial partners for their efforts and stated that this new missile, which is outfitted with contemporary technologies, will offer the Armed Forces an additional technological push. The entire VSHORADS team received congratulations from Secretary DDR&D and Chairman DRDO for this outstanding achievement.

In pictures: DRDO’S Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS)

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