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What is Bodo Accord | SSB Interview Notes [Fully Explained]

Why Recently In News? PM Modi Recently Visited Assam And Hailed The Bodo Accord, Saying It Has Brought “Long-lasting Peace” To Assam. Also Said That The Scope Of The Armed...

Why Recently In  News? PM  Modi Recently Visited Assam And Hailed The Bodo Accord, Saying It Has Brought “Long-lasting Peace” To Assam. Also Said That The Scope Of The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) Has Been Reduced In Many Areas Of The Northeast Region For Permanent Peace. Also Check Out: What Is AFSPA: Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act?

Bodo People In Assam:

  • Bodos Are The Single Largest Community Among The Notified Scheduled Tribes In Assam. Bodos Are A Part Of Bodo Kachari And Constitute About 5-6% Of Assam’s Population. The First Demand For A Bodo State Came In 1967-68.
  • The Assam Accord Of 1985, Gave Rise To Bodo Aspirations And In 1987, the All-Bodo Students’ Union (ABSU) Revived The Bodo Statehood Demand. Bodo Security Force Which Arose In 1986 As An Armed Group Renamed Itself the National Democratic Front Of Bodoland (NDFB), And Later Split Into Factions.
  • The First Bodo Accord Was Signed With The ABSU In 1993. It Led To The Creation Of The Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC) With Some Limited Political Powers.

First Bodo Accord (1993):

  • The First Bodo Accord Was Signed With The ABSU In 1993. It Led To The Creation Of The Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC) With Some Limited Political Powers.

Second Bodo Accord (2003):

  • In 2003, The Second Bodo Accord Was Signed By The Extremist Group Bodo Liberation Tiger Force (BLTF), The Centre, And The State. This Led To The Creation Of the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC), Which Is An Autonomous Body Under The 6th Schedule Of The Constitution.

Bodo Peace Accord 2020:

  • On 27 Jan 2020, GoI, Assam Govt, And The Bodo Groups, Including All Factions Of The Militant National Democratic Front Of Bodoland (NDFB), Signed An Agreement To Redraw And Rename The Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) As The Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR), In Assam.
  • Highlights:
  • BTAD has Spread Over 4 Districts Of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, And Udalguri. The BTAD And Other Areas Mentioned Under The Sixth Schedule Of The Constitution Have Been Exempted From The CAA, 2019.
  • Bodoland Territorial Region Would Include The Villages Which Are Dominated By Bodos But Are Outside BTAD Presently. Villages With Non-Bodo Population Would Be Excluded From It.
  • A Committee Will Be Formed To Decide The Exclusion And Inclusion Of New Areas. Subsequently, The Total Number Of Assembly Seats Will Go Up To 60, From The Existing 40.
  • Both The Representatives Of The All-Bodo Students Union (ABSU) And Of Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) Will Be Present In The Committee. Bodo Kachari Welfare Council Will Be Set Up For the Focused Development Of Bodo Villages Outside Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD).
  • Bodos Living In The Hills Would Be Conferred A Scheduled Hill Tribe Status. Bodo Language With Devanagari Script Would Be The Associate Official Language For The Entire Assam. However, The Agreement Has Not Addressed The Issue Of “Citizenship Or Work Permit” For Non-domiciles In The BTAD Yet.
  • Around 1500 Cadres Of the National Democratic Front Of Bodoland (NDFB) Will Be Rehabilitated And Assimilated By The GoI & Assam Govt. The Criminal Cases Registered Against Factions Of NDFB Members For Non-Heinous Crimes Shall Be Withdrawn And The Cases Of Heinous Crimes Will Be Reviewed.
  • Comprehensive Solutions Have Been Made To Redress The Grievances Of The People. Families Of The People Killed During The Bodo Movement Would Get ₹5 Lakh Each. A Special Development Package Of ₹1500 Crore Would Be Given By The Centre To Undertake Specific Projects For The Development.
  • The Accord Will Successfully Bring Together Leading Stakeholders Under One Framework. People Previously Associated With Armed Resistance Groups Will Enter The Mainstream And Contribute To The Nation’s Progress.
  • It Will Further Protect And Popularise The Unique Culture Of The Bodo People And Will Give Them Access To A Wide Range Of Development-oriented Initiatives. It Will Bring Peace, Harmony, And Togetherness In The People Of Assam.

Other Major Statehood Demands In India:

  • Vidarbha: It Comprises The Amravati And Nagpur Divisions Of Eastern Maharashtra.
  • Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Awadh Pradesh, And Paschim Pradesh.
  • Harit Pradesh: It Consists Of Agriculturally Dominated Districts Of Western Uttar Pradesh.
  • Gorkhaland In The Northern Part Of West Bengal.
  • Saurashtra, Peninsular Region Of Gujarat.
  • Mithila Is A Proposed State In India, Comprising The Maithili-speaking Region Of Bihar And Jharkhand.

REVIEW QUESTIONS

  • Bodo’s Are The Single Largest Community Of
  • Arunachal
  • Assam
  • Manipur
  • Mizoram

ANSWER: B

  • First Demand For A Separate Bodo State Was Made In
  • 1967
  • 1975
  • 1985
  • 1991

ANSWER: A

  • All-Bodo Students’ Union (ABSU) Was Established In
  • 1967
  • 1975
  • 1985
  • 1991

ANSWER: A

  • National Democratic Front Of Bodoland Was Formed In
  • 1982
  • 1986
  • 1989
  • 1990

ANSWER: B

  • Founder Of National Democratic Front of Bodoland
  • Ranjan Daimary
  •  B. Biban
  • B.R. Ferrenga
  • M. Muluksha

ANSWER: A

  • First Bodo Accord Was Signed In
  • 1990
  • 1993
  • 1995
  • 1998

ANSWER: B

  • Second Bodo Accord Was Signed In
  • 2000
  • 2003
  • 2005
  • 2009

ANSWER: B

  • Bodoland Territorial Region Spread Over ____ Districts
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6

ANSWER: B

  • Formation Of Autonomous District Councils (ADCS)
  • 4th Schedule
  • 5th Schedule
  • 6th Schedule
  • 7th Schedule

ANSWER: C

  • Total Schedules In Indian Constitution
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12
  • 13

ANSWER: C

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