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What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit 2022? [Fully Explained]

PM Modi Addressed The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit In The Uzbek City Of Samarkand. He Spoke About The Pandemic And The Russia-Ukraine War In His Address. Stressing On The Need Of Increased Cooperation Among Nations, Said That India Aims Becoming A Global Manufacturing Hub.

What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO):

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Is A Eurasian Political, Economic And Security Organization. It Is The World’s Largest Regional Organization, Covering Approximately 60% Of The Area Of Eurasia, 40% Of The World Population, And More Than 30% Of Global GDP.
  • It Was Created In 2001. The SCO Charter Was Signed In 2002 And Entered Into Force In 2003. Prior To The Creation Of SCO In 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, And Tajikistan Were Members Of The Shanghai Five.
  • Shanghai Five (1996) Emerged From A Series Of Border Demarcation And Demilitarization Talks Which The Four Former Soviet Republics Held With China To Ensure Stability Along The Borders.
  • Following The Accession Of Uzbekistan To The Organization In 2001, The Shanghai Five Was Renamed The SCO. India And Pakistan Became Members In 2017. On 17th September 2021, It Was Announced That Iran Would Become A Full Member Of The SCO.
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Membership & Observers Of SCO:

image 7

Organizational Structure of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO):

image 8

Objectives of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO):

  • Strengthening Mutual Trust Among The Member States.
  • Promoting Effective Cooperation In -Politics, Trade & Economy, Research & Technology And Culture.
  • Enhancing Ties In Education, Energy, Transport, Tourism, Environmental Protection, Etc.
  • Maintain And Ensure Peace, Security, And Stability In The Region.
  • Establishment Of A Democratic, Fair, And Rational New International Political & Economic Order.
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Secretariat & Official Languages:

  • SCO Secretariat Is Based In Beijing To Provide Informational, Analytical & Organizational Support.
  • The Current Secretary-General Is Zhang Ming.
  • The Official Working Language Of The SCO Secretariat Is Russian And Chinese.

Summits Of Heads Of State:

image 9

Current Leaders Of Member States:

image 10


  • The Regional Anti-terrorist Structure (RATS) Is A Permanent Organ Of The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) With Its Headquarters In Tashkent, Uzbekistan.Its Objective Is To Help Members States Fight Combat, Extremism, Terrorism And Separatism.
  • The RATS Was Formed In The June 2004 Summit Of The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (Sco) Which Was Held In Tashkent, Uzbekistan. RATS Is Engaged In Furthering Cooperation And Ties Between Member Countries On Concerns Of Terrorism, Security, Drug Trafficking, Crime, And Cyberwarfare.
  • The Head Of RATS Is Elected For A Three-year Term. All The Member States Also Have Their Own Representatives At RATS. With RATS, SCO Had Foiled Terror Plots To The Tune Of 600. It is Also Reported That Through RATS, 500 Terrorists Were Extradited.
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Significance Of SCO:

  • The SCO Covers 40%of The Global Population, Nearly 20% Of The Global GDP, And 22% Of The World’s Land Mass.
  • The SCO Has A Strategically Important Role In Asia Due To Its Geographical Significance – This Enables It To Control Central Asia And Limit The American Influence In Region.
  • It Is Seen As Counterweight To The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
  • Combating Terrorism, Extremism Separatism; Drug And Weapons Trafficking, Illegal Immigration, Etc.
  • Despite Being Geographically Close, The Rich Diversity In Member’s History, Backgrounds, Language, National Interests, Form Of Government, And Culture Makes The SCO Decision Making Challenging.
  • Rivalry Within The Grouping Is Not Allowing SCO To Work At Its Fullest.
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India & SCO:

  • Helps Indian Policy Of Pursuing “Multi-Alignments”.
  • The Security, Strategic, Economic, And Geopolitical Interests Are Also Closely Intertwined With Developments In This Area
  • The Challenges Of Terrorism, Radicalism, And Instability Pose A Grave Threat To Indian Sovereignty And Integrity
  • India Requested Access To Intelligence And Information From SCO’s Counter-terrorism Body, The Tashkent- Based Regional Anti-terror Structure (RATS).
  • A Stable Afghanistan Too Is In India’s Interest, And Rats Provides Access To Non-Pakistan Centered Counter-terrorism Information
  • With The Landlocked States Of Central Asia, And Uzbekistan Even Doubly Landlocked, Accessing These Resources Becomes Difficult.
  • India Has Prioritized The Construction Of The International North-south Transport Joining SCO, It Will Help India To Connect With South Asian States.
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Highlights Of SCO Summit 2022 At Samarkand

  • Highlights Of Mr. Modi’s Speech: The Pandemic And The Crisis In Ukraine Caused Many Obstacles In Global Supply Chains, Due To Which The Whole World Is Facing An Unprecedented Energy And Food Crisis.
  • He Said SCO Must Make Efforts To Develop Reliable, Resilient, And Diversified Supply Chains In Our Region. He Stressed That This Would Require Better Connectivity And Need For Giving Each Other Full Right To Transit.
  • Progress Is Being Made To Make India A Manufacturing Hub. India’s Young And Talented Workforce Makes The Country Naturally Competitive. India’s Economy Is Expected To Grow By 7.5 Percent This Year, Which Will Be The Highest Among The World’s Largest Economies.
  • He Pointed Out That There Are More Than 70,000 Startups In India, Of Which More Than 100 Are Unicorns. Promoting The Cultivation And Consumption Of Millets Is One Possible Solution. The Year 2023 UN International Year Of Millets & ‘Millet Food Festival’ Should Be Organised Under The SCO.
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  • Members In The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10


  • India And Pakistan Officially Joined SCO In
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019


  • Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Was Established In
  • 1999
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002


  • Shanghai Five Was Established In
  • 1994
  • 1995
  • 1996
  • 1997


  • ____ Was Not A Member Of Shanghai Five
  • China
  • Kazakhstan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Russia


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  • Headquarter Of SCO
  • Beijing
  • Shanghai
  • Samarkand
  • Moscow


  • Current Secretary General Of The SCO
  • Zhang Ming
  • Sabyr Imandosov
  • Pradeep Rawat
  • Wang Li


  • The Main Aim Of SCO Is To Generate Cooperation
  • Resolving Border Issues
  • Countering Terrorism
  • Economic Cooperation
  • All The Above


  • SCO Summit 2022 Was Held At
  • Beijing
  • Shanghai
  • Samarkand
  • Moscow


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  • “Cultural And Tourism Capital” Of The SCO For 2022-23
  • Agra
  • Varanasi
  • New Delhi
  • Mathura


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