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List Of Major Ports In India

list of major ports in india

Dear Warrior, In this article we are going to cover the list of 13 major ports in India. Ports are an integral part of trade and commerce for our nation. Every day goods worth millions of money are shipped and received in major ports. It is important for aspirants to learn about major ports in India.

What is a Port?

A port is a location where ships may load and unload merchandise near the margin of an ocean, river, or lake. At a port, passengers aboard ships can board or disembark. It’s also known as a port or a harbour. This type of port is similar to a seaport. A good port is accessible by boat or land. It’s also at a location where extreme weather, such as high winds or large waves, won’t harm it. Some ports are vital to trade, while others are vital to a country’s navy.

Significance of Ports

  1. Increase regional economic activity (internal) and facilitate seamless trade between the island or country (export and import), as well as the growth of the surrounding area.
  2. To assist a company’s or factory’s seamless production. Ports are required to facilitate the selling of their products or the import of raw materials for their manufacturing. There is also a specific port that serves the company’s manufacturing needs.
  3. Military ports are used to assist a country’s defence and security depending on political, economic, and technological reasons.

List of major ports in India

India’s coastline is approximately 7516.6 kilometers long, with 200 major and minor ports, making it one of the world’s largest peninsulas. According to figures released by the Ministry of Shipping, marine transport accounts for around 95 percent of India’s commerce volume and 70 percent of its trading value. The Indian government intends to modernise these ports via the Sagarmala project. For port and harbour building and maintenance projects, the government has approved up to 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) via the automatic method.

In addition, the National Marine Development Program (NMDP) has been launched to promote the maritime industry, with a budget of US$11.5 billion. India’s marine transportation is managed by both the central and state governments. The Ministry of Shipping now oversees large ports, while appropriate agencies or ministries in the nine coastal states of Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal oversee smaller and intermediate ports.

Major Sea Ports Map, Seaports in India
Zone  State  Port  Features  
Eastern CoastTamil NaduChennai Port Artificial Port Second busiest port
Western CoastKeralaKochi Port Sited in the Vembanad lake, Exports of spices and salts
Eastern CoastTamil NaduEnnore Port India’s First corporatised port
Eastern CoastWest BengalKolkata Port India’s only major, Riverine port, Situated on Hugli river, Known as Diamond Harbour
Western CoastGujaratKandla Port Known as Tidal Port, Acknowledged as Trade Free Zone, Largest port by volume of cargo handled.
Western CoastKarnatakaMangalore Port Deals with the iron ore exports
Western CoastGoaMormugao Port Situated on the estuary of the river Zuari
Western CoastMaharashtraMumbai Port TrustLargest Natural Port and harbour In India, The busiest port in India
Western CoastMaharashtraJawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) also known as Nhava Sheva, Navi MumbaiLargest Artificial Port, It is the Largest Container Port in India.
Eastern CoastOdishaParadip Port Natural Harbor deals with the export of iron and aluminum
Eastern CoastTamil NaduTuticorin Port A major port in south India deals with fertilizers and petrochemical products
Eastern CoastAndhra PradeshVisakhapatnam Port The Deepest port of India deals with the export of iron ore to Japan. Amenities for building and fixing of ships are available
Bay of BengalAndaman & Nicobar IslandsPort Blair Port The port connected to the mainland of India through ship and flight. This port is situated in between two


Seaports enable India to trade in a wide variety of goods and is the reason why India has considerable power when it comes to maritime trade. With initiatives like Make in India and other new reforms, we can capitalise on the peninsular aspect of our geography and become a maritime superpower.

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