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What Is Doping: Why Is It Banned In Sports?

The term “doping” refers to the use of prohibited medications, drugs, or treatments by athletes in order to improve athletic performance. Doping by athletes has been practised for centuries. However,...

The term “doping” refers to the use of prohibited medications, drugs, or treatments by athletes in order to improve athletic performance. Doping by athletes has been practised for centuries. However, it has recently received more attention due to the availability of a wide range of potential performance-enhancing drugs, as well as prominent cases of doping by elite athletes that have been reported. Doping was first detected at the Olympic Games in 1904 when a runner was injected with strychnine to help with speed and to give him the strength to finish the race.

Why Is It Banned In Sports?

What Is “Doping” And Why Do Athletes Do This?

  • The Term “Doping” Refers To The Use Of Prohibited Medications, Drugs, Or Treatments By Athletes With The Intention Of Improving Athletic Performance. The Practice By Athletes Dates Back Centuries.
  • However, It Has Recently Received Increased Attention Due To A Wide Variety Of Potential Performance Enhancing Drugs That Are Now Available, And Due To Prominent Cases Of Doping By Elite Athletes That Have Been Reported.
  • In 1904, It Was First Noted At The Olympic Games In A Runner Who Was Injected With Strychnine To Assist With Speed, Purportedly Giving Him The Strength To Finish The Race.

International Regulations Regarding Doping:

  • Due To Practices Athletes Would Often Suffer Adverse Health Effects And Even Premature Death Seemed To Be Associated. These Adverse Outcomes And Deaths Lead To The First Ban On Doping By The International Association Of Athletics Federation In 1928.
  • This Ban Proved To Be Inadequate, However, As The Ability To Test For Banned Substances Was Quite Limited At That Time. In 1967 The International Olympic Committee (IOC) Banned Doping, And In 1999 The IOC Led The Initiative To Form The World Anti-doping Agency (WADA).
  • Today WADA Forms The Backbone Of Anti-doping Laws And Testing Worldwide And Assists In Setting The Standard For Other Agencies And Sports. WADA’s Main Activities Include Education Of The Health Risks Of Doping, Scientific Research Of Doping Practices, Development Of Anti-doping Capabilities, And Development Of Testing Methods Of Doping Detection.

World Anti-Doping Code 2008:

  • A Substance Or Treatment Constitutes Doping If It Meets Two Of The Three Following Criteria:
    • It Enhances Performance
    • It Presents A Risk To The Athlete’s Health
    • It Is Contrary To The Spirit Of The Sport
  • This Code Consists Of A Yearly Published List Of Prohibited Substances And Treatment Methods That Athletes Are Not Allowed To Use. Various Penalties Can Be Enforced Upon Athletes Found To Be In Violation Of The Anti-doping Code.
  • Many Athletes Found In Violation Of The Code Have Previously Suffered Punishments Ranging From Being Stripped Of Olympic Medals Or Sports Titles To Lifetime Bans From Future Competition In Sports.

The Crisis In Indian Sports:

  • India Was Ranked 3rd In The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Report Released In 2021. With 152 Cases Across Disciplines, The Country Is Marginally Below Leaders Russia (167) And Italy (157).

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  • World Anti-Doping Agency Was Established In
  • 1992
  • 1997
  • 1999
  • 2001


  • HQ Of World Anti-Doping Agency
  • Montreal
  • Geneva
  • New York
  • Berlin


  • Official Languages Of the World Anti-Doping Agency
  • English, French
  • Spanish, French
  • Russian, English
  • Chinese, English


  • International Convention Against Doping In Sport
  • 2000
  • 2002
  • 2005
  • 2007


  • World Anti-Doping Code Was Adopted In
  • 1998
  • 2000
  • 2003
  • 2007


  • National Anti-Doping Agency Was Established In
  • 1997
  • 2002
  • 2005
  • 2008


  • HQ Of National Anti-Doping Agency
  • New Delhi
  • Kanpur
  • Chennai
  • Kolkata


  • The National Anti-Doping Bill, 2022 Was Introduced By
  • Ministry Of Health
  • Ministry Of Sports
  • Indian Olympic Committee
  • National Anti-Doping Agency


  • The Use Of Banned Athletic Performance-Enhancing Drugs
  • Dumping
  • Doping
  • Duping
  • Drinking


  • The International Olympic Committee (IOC) Banned Doping
  • 1947
  • 1957
  • 1967
  • 1977


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