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NITI Aayog Report on National Multidimensional Poverty Index

According to a NITI Aayog Report, an estimated 135 million Indians exited multidimensional poverty between 2015-16 and 2019-21, with Bihar and Uttar Pradesh accounting for 56.8 million of them. Multidimensional Poverty Is A Composite Measure That Takes Into Account Factors Other Than Money, Such As Education, Health, And Living Standards. Let us understand the NITI Aayog Report on MPI.

NITI Aayog Report: Why In The News?

  • An Estimated 135 Million Indians Exited Multidimensional NITI Aayog Report Poverty Between 2015-16 And 2019-21, With Bihar And UP Together Accounting For 56.8 Million Of Them, A Niti Aayog Report Said.
  • Multidimensional Poverty Is A Composite Measure That Counts Factors Beyond Money, Including Education, Health, And Living Standards.
NITI Aayog Report

NITI Aayog Report: Highlights Of The Multidimensional Poverty Index

  • The Number Of Persons Living In Multidimensional Poverty In The Country Has Fallen From 24.85 Percent To 14.96 Percent Between 2015-16 And 2019-21. This Was Unveiled In The National Multidimensional Poverty Index Released By The NITI Aayog. Briefing Media In New Delhi, NITI Aayog CEO Subrahmanyam.
  • 13.5 Crores People Have Escaped From NITI Aayog Report on Multidimensional Poverty In Five Years. India Is On Course To Achieve Sustainable Development Goals Target Much Ahead Of Schedule By 2030. The Report Shows That Poverty In Rural Areas Has Declined Sharply From 32.59% To 19.28% During The Period.
  • Uttar Pradesh Has Registered The Highest Decline In The Number Of Poor With 3.43 Crore People Followed By Bihar And Madhya Pradesh. Providing Multidimensional Poverty Estimates For The 36 States And Union Territories And 707 Administrative Districts.
  • The Report States That The Fastest Reduction In The Proportion Of Multidimensional Poor Was Observed In  Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, And Rajasthan. Improvement In Nutrition, Years Of Schooling, Sanitation, And Cooking Fuel Have Played A Significant Role.
  • The  National Multidimensional Poverty Index Is A Holistic Measure Defining Poverty Based On Health, Education, And Living Standards And Estimates Poverty At National, State, And District Levels, Shaping Reform Plans For States And UTs.
  • Based On The Latest National Family Heath Survey [NFHS-5 (2019-21)], This Second Edition Of The National Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Represents India’s Progress In Reducing Multidimensional Poverty Between The Two Surveys, NFHS-4 (2015-16) And NFHS-5 (2019-21).

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